Which headache bothers you?

There are five types of headaches. Let this guide help you discover your type and above all how to reduce or even banish pain.

1. Do you have such pain that you can do nothing but lie down?
Yes – answer question 2
No – answer question 4

2. Is the worst past after 20 minutes or even earlier?
YES 
No – answer question 3

3. Do you feel pain 15 or more days a month? YES / NO

4. Do you feel pain especially in the front of your head? YES / NO

Horton’s headache

Also called a burst headache or cluster headache, it is one of the most painful types of headache, usually occurring late at night, lasting 15 minutes, and the sufferer feels it as if someone were drilling a drill into his head through his eye.

Tip for better well-being
Lying down does not offer pain relief, so take a walk. If the pain lasts longer than usual or is more severe, go to the emergency room. In all likelihood, they will offer you a painkiller injection that will provide immediate improvement.

Prevention plan
Horton’s headache occurs when your biological clock is out of balance with actual time. This usually occurs at the transition from summer to winter or vice versa and at equinoxes. Avoid possible headache triggers such as afternoon naps, drinking alcohol, and medications that dilate blood vessels.

Migraine

12 percent of people have them (three times more women than men). Seizures cause throbbing pain, often accompanied by blurred vision, sensitivity to light, and dizziness or even vomiting.

Tip for better well-being
Specific drugs such as triptans are used to treat acute migraine headaches. There are several drugs of this type with different characteristics and they are selected according to the basic characteristics of migraine in each individual. You will be best advised by your doctor, who will also prescribe your medication.

Prevention plan
Manage daily migraine attacks by recording the symptoms, environmental factors, well-being before the attack… Eventually you will recognize the triggers and be able to avoid them. See a doctor if seizures occur more than once a month. He will advise you on treatment and prescribe (other) medicines if necessary.

Chronic migraine

The definition is the same as for migraine (text on the left). Chronic migraine is a headache that occurs once every fortnight or more often. It is estimated that about 2 percent of people suffer from them.

Prevention plan
Follow the preventative measures that apply to a normal migraine. See your doctor when the pain changes or migraines occur more often than before. As a curiosity: a few years ago, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and soon after the British, approved the use of Botox for the treatment of chronic migraines, previously mostly known only in cosmetic surgery to smooth wrinkles. Doctors do not yet know exactly how Botox works against migraines, but it is thought to interfere with the transmission of pain signals to the brain.

Sinus headaches

These are a rare type of headache caused by inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. We feel them as a dull, breaking pain in the upper part of the face. Many people think they suffer from a sinus headache even though they actually have a migraine or tension-type headache.

Tip for better well-being
Drink enough fluids to dilute the mucus in your nasal cavity and sinuses, then go under a hot, steamy shower to help excrete mucus. A mucus-thinning medicine can also help. You can rinse your nose with saline, which reduces swelling in the sinuses as it flushes out mucus, bacteria and allergen particles.

Prevention plan
Avoid seasonal allergies by taking anti-allergy medications. If you think you have a sinus headache, visit your personal doctor who will confirm that it is really such a headache. He will prescribe medication to treat your sinus infection.

Tension-type headache

These are common, everyday headaches that most people have once experienced. The headache is felt as a constant pain that affects both sides of the head. It can also be accompanied by contraction of the neck muscles and pressure behind the eyes. It usually lasts one to six hours; in some people it may persist for several days.

Tip for better well-being
Tension-type headaches are usually treated with relaxation methods and over-the-counter pain medications. When such treatment is not enough, your personal doctor may refer you to a neurologist for an examination for the possibility of other diseases. To avoid medication, place a warm compress on your neck or stand upright (shoulders back, head straight).

Prevention plan
The key to improvement is routine. Sleep seven to eight hours a night and always eat meals at the same time. Limit coffee drinking to a maximum of two cups a day.

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