The hot atmosphere can cause many problems – from unpleasant to very dangerous. We’ve put together some tips on how to deal with the heat to mitigate or prevent the harmful effects.
Who can be most affected by the heat?
- the elderly and children,
- patients: Patients with diseases that affect body heat control, mobility and judgment (eg patients with cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, diabetics, patients with kidney disease, patients with mental disorders, immobile) are at greater risk; also affects the use of certain medicines),
- people with socio-economic difficulties (people with low socio-economic status, homeless, socially isolated, residents with poor access to health facilities),
- persons who are additionally exposed to certain environmental factors (polluted air; have poorer living conditions: live in attics, in poorly ventilated or overcrowded rooms, without air conditioning; outdoor workers and urban dwellers).
What problems does heat cause?
Prolonged periods of heat can cause various problems and overheating of the body:
- skin rashes,
- heat cramps,
- heat exhaustion,
- syncope – short-term loss of consciousness,
- heat stroke.
How can we prevent problems that can be caused by heat?
Problems are prevented by reducing the body’s heat load:
- reduce heat exposure: retreat to SHADOW or COLDER ROOMS.
- reduce heat generation: LIMIT PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. We limit physical activity outdoors to the morning and evening hours. We enjoy ‘light food’, in smaller meals.
- allow the body to dissipate heat: with the right choice of CLOTHES, sufficient fluid intake.
We help others:
- Some people are more THREATENED. Let’s pay special attention to the signs of damage in them.
- We NEVER leave anyone in a closed, parked car.
- In case of overheating, the patient is removed to a cold (in the shade or cold room). In case of a heat stroke, call a doctor immediately, and keep the patient cool all the time. We also consult a doctor if we have unusual problems that do not go away or get worse.
Let’s not forget:
- Let’s not forget sun protection. At the time of its maximum power (between 10 am and 5 pm) we find shade. Protect yourself with sunglasses, a headgear, suitable clothing and a broad-spectrum sunscreen (with protection against UVA and UVB rays) with a sun protection factor (ie ZF or SPF) of at least 30.
- In the heat, FOOD spoils faster. Let’s pay attention to the safety of the food we eat and the proper handling of the food.
- Store MEDICINES at a suitable temperature according to the manufacturer’s instructions. We follow the doctor’s advice.
- We monitor ANNOUNCEMENTS AND WARNINGS through the media.